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Guide to RCD terms.


The Directive uses many terms which are official and bureaucratic jargon, this can make what is a relatively simple directive rather baffling and heavy going to the reader. Below is a short list of terms as defined by the recreational craft regulations.

the 1987 Act - the Consumer Protection Act 1987.

authorised representative - any person established in the Community who has received a written mandate from the manufacturer to act on his behalf with regard to the latter's obligation under the directive.

CE marking - the CE conformity marking referred to in regulation 8 consisting of the initials "CE"

the Directive - Directive 94/25/EC [Download 94/25/EC] of the European Parliament and of the Council on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the member States relating to recreational craft.

the Commission - the Commission of the European Communities

component - any one of the components referred to in Schedule 2 of the directive, when placed on the community market and when intended for installation in recreational craft

enforcement authority - in Great Britain, weights and measures authorities and in Northern Ireland, every district council.

engine family - the manufacturer's grouping of engines which, through their design, are expected to have similar exhaust emission characteristics and which comply with the exhaust emissions requirements of the Directive;

essential requirements - the requirements in Annex 1 of the directive

harmonised standard - a technical specification adopted by the European Committee for Standardisation or the European Committee for Electro technical Standardisation or both upon a remit from the Commission in accordance with Directive 98/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical standards and regulations and of rules on Information Society services [Link to Harmonised Standards]

major craft conversion - a conversion of a craft which: (a) changes the means of propulsion of the craft; (b) involves a major engine modification; or (c) alters the craft to such an extent that it is considered a new craft.

major engine modification - means the modification of an engine which: (a) could potentially cause the engine to exceed the emission limits set out in Annex I.B., which is set out in Schedule 1, excluding routine replacement of engine components that do not alter the emission characteristics; or (b) increases the rated power of the engine by more than 15%;

manufacturer -any person who designs and manufactures a product or who has such a product designed and/or manufactured with a view to placing it on the market on his own behalf, and in respect of a product which requires a declaration specified in Annex III, which is set out in Schedule 3, shall include the builder of that product.

means of propulsion - means the mechanical method by which the craft is driven, in particular marine propellers or waterjet mechanical drive systems;

notified body – defined under regulation 11 of the directive

personal watercraft - a vessel less than 4 metres in length which uses an internal combustion engine having a water jet pump as its primary source of propulsion and designed to be operated by a person or persons sitting, standing or kneeling on, rather than within the confines of, a hull. (Often referred to as ‘PWC’ or ‘Jet ski’.)

placing on the market - includes (except for the purposes of the definition of component, regulations 3(1)(c)(ii), 3(2), 4(a)(vi) and (vii), 4(b)(i)(bb), 4(b)(iii), 4(c)(ii), 7(2)(b)(i) (second reference only), 7(2)(c), 7(3)(b) and 16(2)) putting into service, and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly;

product - any product described in regulation 3(1) of the directive.

propulsion engine - means any spark or compression ignition, internal combustion engine used for propulsion purposes, including 2-stroke and 4-stroke inboard, stern-drive with or without integral exhaust and outboard engines.

recreational craft - means any boat of any type regardless of its means of propulsion - (a) whose hull, when measured in accordance with the appropriate harmonised standards, is not less than 2.5 metres and not more than 24 metres in length; and (b) which is intended for sports or leisure purposes;
and partly completed recreational craft or partly completed boat, as the case may be, shall be construed accordingly;

transposed harmonised standard - a standard the reference number of which is published - (a) in the United Kingdom, by the Secretary of State in such manner as she considers appropriate; or (b) in another member State of the Community, and which corresponds to a harmonised standard the reference number of which is published in the Official Journal of the European Communities.

EEA - in the European Economic Area;

EEA State - a State which is a Contracting Party to the EEA Agreement.

EEA Agreement - means the Agreement on the European Economic Area signed at Oporto on 2nd May 1992 as adjusted by the Protocol signed at Brussels on 17th March 1993.

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